What is forging?

What is forging?

Forging is a type of metal shaping using force. It has been a type of metal fabrication since the ancient time of the Mesopotamians. Since then, forging has come on leaps and bounds technically resulting in faster, more efficient processes.

Forging today is mostly carried out by forging presses or hammering tools, powered by electricity, compressed air or hydraulics. The most common materials that are used in forging are alloy steel, carbon steel, micro alloy steel stainless steel and aluminium and titanium.

What are the types of forging?

There are many different types of forging, all have advantages and disadvantages.

The two main types of forging are hot and cold forging. Hot forging will require the chosen metal to be heated above a certain temperature. The main benefit of hot forging is the excessive heat decreases yield strength and improves ductility; hot forged metals will benefit also from the elimination of chemical inconsistencies.

Cold forging is not really carried out cold, it is at room temperature. There are some metals that are too strong for cold forging such as steel that is high in carbon. Cold forging will require more powerful equipment to carry out the forging.

What are the categories of forging?

There are many forging categories such as open die forging, closed die forging, press forging and roll forging, all are slightly different processes, some use molds, some pressure, and others cylindrical rolls.

For all your forging needs speak to your local specialist who can advise you on the best forging process that will suit you and your business.